Doctoral study program (Ph.D.) bioethics is concerned about ethical questions accompanying health and medical care from diagnostics and therapy through prevention and experimentation to transplantation of organs and tissues. Pivotal themes include informed consent, the dignity of the human being, and health or quality of life. Other fields are the normative facet of genetics and stem cells, collection, and protection of information regarding patients, and just allocation of means in health care. In addition, bioethics has a tight affinity to some further disciplines like the philosophy of medicine, moral psychology, neuroethics, etiology of humans, and medical law. Regarding method, bioethics belongs to philosophy while the standard span of study is 4 years.